By Byron Kaye and Florence Tan
SYDNEY/SINGAPORE (Reuters) - Top global oil trader Vitol SA
The purchase will pit Swiss-based Vitol against archrival Trafigura
Australia has become one of Asia's biggest fuel importers, creating opportunities for traders as the majors have shut older, small refineries, under pressure to shift investment to oil and gas production, which generates better returns.
The Australian deal puts Shell on track towards a target of $15 billion in asset sales over the next two years, set by its new chief executive Ben van Beurden as part of an austerity drive following a profit warning in January.
Vitol Chief Executive Ian Taylor said he expects to make good returns from the business eventually, as the refinery, while small, was a high quality plant, with good distribution chains into the Australian market.
"When you add it to our experience globally in terms of supplying the best quality feedstocks, perhaps looking at some hedging, we believe we can make this refinery profitable," Taylor told reporters in Melbourne, hours after signing the deal at the refinery in nearby Geelong.
Analysts said the acquisition made sense for Vitol even though Shell couldn't run it profitably enough to keep it.
"These two companies have different return expectations and targets they're willing to accept," said Craig Pirrong, Professor of Finance at the University of Houston.
With the Australian purchase, which includes 870 service stations plus Shell's bulk fuels, bitumen and chemicals businesses, Vitol is betting Australian fuel demand will continue to grow faster than in Europe, and eventually the world will be short of refining capacity.
"Longer term, yes, we are making a bet that refining will actually be a cyclically good business. And that's what we've found so far, by the way," Taylor said.
It was also attracted to the country as it has a free market, in contrast to other places in Asia where oil product prices are heavily controlled, Taylor said, adding Vitol would not be interested in a stake in the retail business China's Sinopec Corp <0386.HK> has put up for sale.
HOTBED FOR TRADERS
Dutch-owned Vitol has refining operations in the United Arab Emirates and Antwerp, and formed a joint venture with private equity giant Carlyle Group in December called Varo Energy to own refining and distribution assets in Switzerland and Germany.
Taylor confirmed that the Abu Dhabi Investment Council sovereign fund was part of the group which bought the assets, but declined to name other parties who may take an equity stake in the deal, which is expected to be partly debt funded.
Vitol joined the race for the Australian petrol stations after Trafigura's Puma Energy arm bought two fuel distributors last year.
Others eyeing the market include South Korean refiner S-Oil <010950.KS>, which said last month it was in exclusive talks to buy a stake in Australia's United Petroleum, a privately owned business valued at about A$1 billion, including debt, that received a number of approaches from international companies following Puma's takeover of Ausfuel.
Australia's refineries, owned by Shell, BP
Rather than spend money on upgrading plants, the majors have been looking to sell them or turn them into fuel import terminals. Taylor said Australia was likely to need more fuel terminals in the long run, an opportunity Vitol would look at.
BP has been rumored to be considering a $3 billion sale of its refineries and petrol stations, but has declined to comment.
SHELL SELL-OFF CONTINUES
Shell, which retains substantial gas interests in Australia as well as a $7 billion stake in Woodside Petroleum
It has already sold downstream assets including refineries in the UK, Germany, France, Norway and the Czech Republic.
"The new (Shell) management is being ruthless in cutting out anything that they think is extraneous to their core," said Al Troner, President of Asia Pacific Energy Consulting in Houston.
Most of Shell's refining and distribution staff will continue to operate the Australian business and the Shell branding would remain under its new owner, Shell said.
The sale includes a brand license arrangement and a distributor arrangement for Shell Lubricants but not Shell's Australian aviation fuel business or oil and gas operations.
($1 = 1.1134 Australian dollars)
(Additional reporting by Sonali Paul in MELBOURNE and Cezary Podkul in NEW YORK; Editing by Richard Pullin)